Biographical entry Eden, Robert Anthony (1897 - 1977)
1st Earl of Avon
- 12 June 1897
Windlestone Hall, Ferryhill, Durham, England
- 14 January 1977
Alvediston, Wiltshire, England
- Politician, Prime Minister (Great Britain) and Writer of Inscription
(Robert) Anthony Eden was a British politician and prime minister of Great Britain. Eden entered parliament as a Conservative member 1923 and was foreign secretary (1935-38) in Neville Chamberlain's government. He resigned in opposition to Chamberlain's appeasement policy. In the first Churchill government Eden was dominions secretary (1940), war secretary (1940) and foreign secretary (1940-45). He also served as foreign secretary (1951-55) in the second Churchill government. Eden was prime minister (1955-57). He resigned from parliament following the Suez crisis 1956. He received an earldom in 1961 and published three volumes of memoirs (1960-66).
Thorpe, D.R. 'Eden, (Robert) Anthony, first earl of Avon (1897-1977).' In Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, edited by H.C.G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Online edition, edited by Lawrence Goldman, 2011. Accessed 2 October 2012. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/31060.